Hubble spots two interacting galaxies some 60 million light-years away in the constellation of Leo.
from NASA http://ift.tt/2mzfMG8
Most of you probably know that chili peppers are a New World food, right? There were no chili peppers (the kind with capsaicin in them) anywhere in Eurasia or Africa until Columbus bumped into a continent he wasn’t looking for. So how did English come to call hot, spicy little capsaicin fruits “chili peppers”?
Well, “chili” comes from Nahuatl “chilli,” the Aztec name for capsaicin fruits. And “pepper” is named for the Old World spice pepper. Yup, the stuff you probably have on your dinner table. Before New World capsaicin peppers, the only taste which was kind-of spicy was Old World pepper. European explorers didn’t bother inventing a new name when they already had something to describe the taste, sort of, and unimaginatively just started calling capsaicin fruits “peppers.”
As a Japanese legend tells it, a priest in Tokyo was able to tell when spirits were present. In February 1657, the priest knew he had to remove evil spirits from a kimono that he believed to be cursed. Three teenaged girls had owned the innocent-looking garment, and all three had fallen ill and died. As the fathers of the young victims watched, the priest solemnly set a torch to the kimono But just as the cloth caught fire, a fierce wind came up.
The evil wind swept the flames out of control until they ignited the wooden dwellings of the city. Before it was extinguished, the infamous “long-sleeved kimono” fire killed more than 100,000 people and left three-quarters of Tokyo burned to the ground.
On this day in 1933, the German Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, which essentially secured Adolf Hitler’s position as dictator of Germany. The law gave Chancellor Hitler legal powers to establish his dictatorship as it gave the Cabinet the power to enact laws independently of the legislature - the Reichstag. Its formal name was ‘Law to Remedy the Distress of People and Reich’. Hitler had been appointed Chancellor on January 30th and just before the scheduled election, the Reichstag fire occurred. The Nazis used the incident to suggest a Communist revolution was imminent and passed the Reichstag Fire Decree which suspended civil liberties and habeas corpus. The Nazis failed to gain an absolute majority in the Reichstag, so Hitler drafted the Enabling Act to secure his position. The Nazis pressured and threatened representatives of the Reichstag to pass the bill, positioning SA men and Nazi swastikas in and around the building. With the bill’s passing, Hitler’s dictatorship was assured, and thus began a brutal regime which would last until 1945.
“The authority of the Führer has now been wholly established. Votes are no longer taken. The Führer decides. All this is going much faster than we had dared to hope”
- Joseph Goebbels after the passage of the Act